Android 使用 Surface 截屏

    /**
     * Takes a screenshot of the current display and shows an animation.
     */
    void takeScreenshot(Runnable finisher, boolean statusBarVisible, boolean navBarVisible) {
        // We need to orient the screenshot correctly (and the Surface api seems to take screenshots
        // only in the natural orientation of the device :!)
        mDisplay.getRealMetrics(mDisplayMetrics);
        float[] dims = {mDisplayMetrics.widthPixels, mDisplayMetrics.heightPixels};
        float degrees = getDegreesForRotation(mDisplay.getRotation());
        boolean requiresRotation = (degrees > 0);
        if (requiresRotation) {
            // Get the dimensions of the device in its native orientation
            mDisplayMatrix.reset();
            mDisplayMatrix.preRotate(-degrees);
            mDisplayMatrix.mapPoints(dims);
            dims[0] = Math.abs(dims[0]);
            dims[1] = Math.abs(dims[1]);
        }

        // Take the screenshot
        mScreenBitmap = SurfaceControl.screenshot((int) dims[0], (int) dims[1]);
        if (mScreenBitmap == null) {
            notifyScreenshotError(mContext, mNotificationManager);
            finisher.run();
            return;
        }

        if (requiresRotation) {
            // Rotate the screenshot to the current orientation
            Bitmap ss = Bitmap.createBitmap(mDisplayMetrics.widthPixels,
                    mDisplayMetrics.heightPixels, Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
            Canvas c = new Canvas(ss);
            c.translate(ss.getWidth() / 2, ss.getHeight() / 2);
            c.rotate(degrees);
            c.translate(-dims[0] / 2, -dims[1] / 2);
            c.drawBitmap(mScreenBitmap, 0, 0, null);
            c.setBitmap(null);
            // Recycle the previous bitmap
            mScreenBitmap.recycle();
            mScreenBitmap = ss;
        }

        // Optimizations
        mScreenBitmap.setHasAlpha(false);
        mScreenBitmap.prepareToDraw();

        // Start the post-screenshot animation
        startAnimation(finisher, mDisplayMetrics.widthPixels, mDisplayMetrics.heightPixels,
                statusBarVisible, navBarVisible);
    }

    private float getDegreesForRotation(int value) {
         switch (value) {
         case Surface.ROTATION_90:
               return 360f - 90f;
         case Surface.ROTATION_180:
               return 360f - 180f;
         case Surface.ROTATION_270:
               return 360f - 270f;
         }
         return 0f;
     }

ref: frameworks/base/packages/SystemUI/src/com/android/systemui/screenshot/GlobalScreenshot.java